4 Garden Irrigation Systems Gardeners and Homeowners Must Know About

When it comes to garden irrigation, there are many different systems available in the market. Choice of the right irrigation system depends entirely on the area to be irrigated, facilities available and budget.

It goes without saying that to grow a successful garden, it is imperative to choose the right watering system. The way in which water is applied to plants makes a huge difference in their overall growth and impact. Some prominent watering systems available today include the drip system, hand watering, furrow system and garden sprinkler system.

Garden Sprinkler System

Garden Sprinkler System

1. Drip System – This is one of the most popularly used garden irrigation systems today. A pipe with a lot of holes in it is placed on the ground close to the growing plants. Water is delivered to the plants through the little holes in the pipe. There are many reasons why the drip system is a popular garden watering system.

• Rather than wasting water in areas where there are no plants, drip system delivers water only to areas of the garden where there are plants or seeds.
• Weed population in the garden can be greatly reduced as the pipe with holes waters only the plants and not the surrounding weeds.
• Diseases, mildew and fungus can be avoided by preventing over moisture on leaves through the drip system that keeps water off the leaves.
• Drip system is the most convenient system to use in the garden. Once you install the system, all you have to do is to turn on the valve manually or just set the timer. The entire garden can be controlled easily with a couple of valves.
• Gradually delivery water in minute quantities through small holes prevents plants from shrinking due to unexpected splashing of cold water. Growing process can be temporarily stalled through momentary shock if cold water is dumped unceremoniously on plants.
• If you want to water only a particular set of plants, it is possible to turn off individual valves for each drip line.

If you look at disadvantages of the drip garden irrigation system, the only thing could be the initial set up cost. Once you put the drip system in place, it works efficiently for years.

Sprinkler

Sprinkler

2. Garden sprinkler system – This system is used mainly to water the lawn through an overhead sprinkling apparatus.

• The reason why many gardeners do not prefer this system is that it waters the area randomly and it is not possible to isolate and water a particular set of plants.
• With the sprinkler system, it is also not easy to control the direction of water flow.
• Chances of mildew, fungal and disease related problems are high as the foliage remains wet and moist.
• When the sprinkler waters all the ground beneath, it leads to increased growth of weeds too.
• As the water falls directly on the ground, it does not seep enough into the ground leading to compacting of soil, thereby diminishing supply of oxygen to the roots.

Hand Watering Irrigation System

Hand Watering Irrigation System

3. Furrow System – This system is about digging a furrow around the plants to be watered and ensuring the plants are up on a mound. Hose water or irrigation is used to fill the trench. The roots of the plants receive water as it seeps through the soil. This is a cost effective system that can be used to water the plants gently without shocking them.

This system however involves a lot of labour and also waters the weeds along with the plants, thereby leading to over growth of weeds. Here again, there are increased chances of soil compacting. Watering must be done very carefully ensuring it does not overflow out of the trench.

4. Hand watering – This is an ideal garden irrigation system for small sized gardens. Beginner gardeners usually prefer hand watering while getting new transplants started or starting small seeds. This system is again time and labour intensive. Just like the overhead sprinkling system, hand watering also tends to shock the plants and compact the soil.

Hope you get all above 4 systems of Garden Irrigation for Gardeners. If you are looking know more about Garden Irrigation Systems, then go through this link.